How to Protect PV Systems from Lightning

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1.Risks of Thunderstorms to PV Systems

2.Do PV Systems Attract Lightning During Thunderstorms?

3.Should I Turn Off My PV System During Thunderstorms?

4.Necessity of Installing Lightning Protection

5.Key Components of PV System Lightning Protection Design

6.Four Types of PV System Lightning Protection Measures


Risks of Thunderstorms to PV Systems

PV systems face multiple risks during thunderstorms. This article introduces the threats posed by thunderstorms to PV systems and the protection measures for different types of PV systems to ensure safe operation.

1. Direct Lightning Strikes

Direct lightning strikes pose the most immediate threat to PV systems. When lightning directly strikes PV modules or nearby structures, it can cause catastrophic damage. The high-energy surge from a lightning strike can damage critical electronic components of PV modules, such as inverters, battery management systems, and connecting cables. This damage can not only stop the system from functioning but also potentially cause fires or explosions, severely affecting the equipment's lifespan and safety.

Risks of Thunderstorms to PV Systems

2. Induced Lightning

Induced lightning is another common form of damage to PV systems, especially in regions with frequent thunderstorms. Even if lightning does not directly strike the PV modules, electromagnetic induction can cause overvoltage within the system. This overvoltage may exceed the rated working voltage of the modules and electronic devices, leading to component damage or performance degradation. The cumulative damage from induced lightning can shorten the system's lifespan and reliability.

3. Ground Potential Rise

Ground potential rise occurs when lightning strikes the ground or nearby conductors, transmitting overvoltage through the grounding system to the PV system. Although the grounding system is designed to safely direct lightning currents into the ground, ground potential rise can cause the grounding system to fail to effectively eliminate the overvoltage. In this situation, the overvoltage may enter the PV system's circuits, damaging or even completely destroying critical equipment.

Do PV Systems Attract Lightning During Thunderstorms?

PV systems do not actively attract lightning during thunderstorms, but taking preventive measures to reduce the risk is advisable.

Should I Turn Off My PV System During Thunderstorms?

Turning off the PV system can reduce the likelihood of equipment being affected by lightning, especially when there are no dedicated lightning protection facilities. This is an effective safety measure.

Necessity of Installing Lightning Protection