A step-by-step guide to optimizing the use of balcony photovoltaics: from selection, installation to maintenance

· About Solar Panels,PV Industry News

More and more individuals are becoming interested in solar photovoltaic power generating systems as a result of rising environmental awareness and the development of new energy technologies.

Recently, this has become very clear. A portable solar system called Balcony solar uses sunshine to generate electricity for use in residences and small offices.

We need to be aware of various safety measures when setting up and utilizing the balcony photovoltaic system. By doing this, the effectiveness of energy use and safety may be guaranteed. You may maximize the effectiveness and potential of your balcony PV by being aware of these safety measures. In this article, certain safety measures for installing photovoltaics on balconies are introduced.

This article will show you:

  • How should balcony photovoltaic panels be installed and chosen?
  • What safety measures apply to photovoltaics on balconies?
  • What is the impact of objective factors on balcony PV?

How should balcony photovoltaic panels be chosen and installed?

Select the appropriate balcony PV for a consistent installation. Living conditions, economic factors, and regional rules and regulations should all be taken into account. This is the only way to guarantee that the solar modules are appropriate for your particular balcony and energy needs. You must choose the best source because of this.

How should balcony photovoltaic panels be chosen and installed?

1. The actual environmental impact of a place of residence

The objective environment of the home is primarily what determines where and how the balcony photovoltaic modules are installed. The balcony photovoltaic system's efficiency depends on the amount of light it receives, therefore location selection is crucial. In general, roofs facing south or east-west are better suited for installation.

On the solar module, the sun should be shining vertically. Verify that the balcony is clear of any obstructions. The sun's energy can be completely absorbed in this way. The degree of inclination of the solar modules with respect to the base point is essential for getting the most out of your balcony power plant. A slope of 30 to 45 degrees is advised when facing south.

According to the Rheinland-Palatinate Consumer Advisory Center, production is decreased by vertical installations on balcony railings. These may reach 50%. Here's an illustration: When tilted at 30 degrees, a south-facing system with 300 watt module output generates 292 kWh of annual solar energy, but when tilted at 90 degrees (i.e., vertically installed), it only generates 200 kWh.

A photovoltaic power generation system with a kilowatt capacity can typically produce four kilowatt-hours of electricity annually. A 10 square meter roof is needed for tiling, and depending on the slope, 7 square meters are needed for inclined laying. Users can generally estimate how much photovoltaic power producing system they require based on their power needs and available space. For solar photovoltaic power plant projects right now, single-family homes like villas, townhouses, distant places, and rural areas are more suitable.

 Individual economic factors

2. Individual economic factors

Despite requiring a sizable investment, the personal distributed photovoltaic power generation project is a long-term and environmentally responsible investment. A complete set of the less expensive models costs around 600 euros, but the more expensive models can even cost as much as 1,200 euros. According to experts, a residence can use it to produce between 10 and 20 percent of its electricity. The system's direction and the amount of sunshine the region receives annually determine how much electricity is produced.

Depending on the location and usage patterns, plug-in solar systems are almost always worthwhile, according to the Lower Saxony Consumer Advice Center; it only takes longer to amortize the acquisition expenses.

Example: An average plug-in solar module has a size of 1 x 1.70 meters and a 300 watt output. It can produce between 200 and 300 kWh annually with the right orientation, allowing two modules to produce twice as much power.

You can save up to 240 euros a year with an output of 600 watts and an electricity cost of 40 cents per kWh. In just a few years, the investment pays for itself. These technologies are long-lasting, frequently lasting 20 years or more.

pv module

3. The installation must adhere to all applicable local laws and ordinances.

Be sure to abide by local ordinances, rules, and construction restrictions when employing a balcony photovoltaic system. The installation and usage of solar systems may be subject to additional regulations in some locations. You must be aware of and follow these rules.

Before placing on roof railings, balcony railings, and exterior walls, always check the legal requirements. Although technically viable, assembly must adhere to legal constraints. For instance, installing micro photovoltaic systems on balconies or building facades may alter their appearance; doing so in rental flats necessitates the landlord's approval as well as a vote by the majority of the homeowner community.

In a single-family home, installation is very simple, but assembly is more flexible. Local building codes must, however, also be followed in this case. If you're unsure whether your neighborhood has building or design regulations, inquire with the relevant building authority.

What safety measures apply to photovoltaics on balconies?

Safety must be given first priority because the balcony photovoltaic system involves the production and transfer of electric energy. Please get expert assistance when installing. This enables you to confirm proper wire and connector installation. Additionally, the required isolation precautions should be implemented.

The inner copper core of the cable and the connection are solidly connected. The outer sheath of the cable deforms when its operating temperature is exceeded, according to experiments. The cable may become loose as a result of this. When looseness develops, the connector's tensile and torsion resistance is poor, and the looseness results in a change in the metal pins' contact resistance or a virtual connection between charged entities. A fire is more likely as a result. Additionally, there is a greater chance that a cable will break, which could cause an electric shock.

Photovoltaic panel burnout Fire

Users must frequently examine the system's functionality. They make sure that there are no safety risks like short circuits and leakage currents by doing this. Plug-in solar panels, which are frequently used on balconies, are dangerous, according to a warning from the Swedish Electrical Safety Board (Elsäkerhetsverket).

During installation, local generation apparatus unintentionally provided electricity to a disconnected network. This increases the risk of electric shock for electricians who install balcony photovoltaics. The power usage may exceed the typical cable size when photovoltaic panels are in use. This might start a fire.

What is the impact of objective factors on balcony PV?

After a balcony photovoltaic system has been installed successfully, it's vital to think about how the following elements may affect energy production. This increases the solar potential and power generating efficiency. Additionally, it is essential to be ready for variations in photovoltaic efficiency.

pv module


Photovoltaic systems are affected by wind speed. You can make the load heavier. As humidity and air temperature fluctuate, this leads to module aging and performance loss. Photovoltaic systems' performance is impacted by temperature. Most of the time, maximum efficiency occurs over a specific temperature range. Too-high or too-low temperatures will impair efficiency. Summer brings higher temperatures. The PV modules may overheat as a result of this. As a result, ventilation and cooling strategies should be taken into account.

Solar radiation is used by balcony photovoltaic systems to produce power. Location, season, and weather conditions all affect the amount and duration of solar radiation. This has major significance. The effectiveness of solar systems will rise with sufficient sunlight. Cloudy conditions diminish effectiveness.

The local weather patterns must be considered while designing a solar system. This influences the choice of fit and style.

pv module cleaning

Environmental pollution:

Pollution has an impact on the cleanliness and light transmittance of photovoltaic modules, which has an impact on the effectiveness of solar systems in producing electricity. For instance, dust, debris, and other pollutants may accumulate and form a coating on the surface of photovoltaic modules after extended operation.

Light energy is not completely absorbed as sunlight transmittance declines. It cannot be transformed into electricity as a result. The overall photovoltaic solar panel's regular power generation efficiency will be impacted even if only a tiny part of dangerous substances are shaded.

Heat from the sun's rays is absorbed and stored by layers of dust and dirt. The photovoltaic module's surface temperature rises as a result. The module's efficiency suffers as a result.

Therefore, it is crucial to frequently clean solar modules.

Design and installation quality

Design and installation quality:

A solar system's performance and lifespan are directly influenced by the planning and installation quality. A solar panel's lifespan will be shortened if you buy one made of inferior materials. Using power also increases the potential of safety mishaps.

Both the installation and the construction must be sturdy. If not, issues including inadequate wire contact, circuit failure, or damage could happen. The photovoltaic system's effectiveness may suffer as a result.

The balcony photovoltaic system is a sustainable energy-use strategy that can improve our lives in many ways. After careful selection and installation, we must be mindful of safety considerations, the environment, and routine maintenance while in operation. We may utilize the balcony photovoltaic system more effectively, reducing family electricity use and promoting sustainable development, if we take certain safety precautions.

In order to react to various individual application scenarios, Maysun Solar has a systematic and complete photovoltaic module production line factory that produces a variety of hot-selling solar panels of diverse technologies. You can rely on the dependability and quality of our goods with the Balcony PV line from Maysun Solar. Get in touch with Maysun Solar right away to start creating a sustainable future!

Balcony Power Plants: Harnessing Solar Energy Sustainably
What you must know about photovoltaics
Mastering Photovoltaic Installation: Best Practices and Step-by-Step Guide for Pitched, In-Roof, and Flat Roof Mounting